Diabetes is a chronic long-lasting health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar also called glucose and released into your bloodstream. Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar glucose. Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel.
Type of Diabetes
You’re more likely to get type 1 diabetes if you’re a child or teenager, you have a parent or sibling with the condition, or you carry certain genes that are linked to the disease.
- are overweight
- are age 45 or older
- have a parent or sibling with the condition
- aren’t physically active
- have prediabetes
- have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides
Symptoms Of Diabetes:
Diabetes signs and symptoms can appear relatively suddenly and may include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Bed-wetting in children who previously didn’t wet the bed during the night
- Extreme hunger
- Unintended weight loss
- Irritability and other mood changes
- Fatigue and weakness
- Blurred vision
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, can develop at any age, though it’s more common in people older than 40.
Risk Factors Of Diabetes:
Inactivity: The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps control your weight, uses up glucose as energy, and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
Family history: You’re risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 1 diabetes.
Geography: Certain countries, such as Finland and Sweden, have higher rates of type 1 diabetes.
Race and ethnicity: Although it’s unclear why, people of certain races and ethnicities — including Black, Hispanic, Native American and Asian people, and Pacific Islanders — are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than white people are.
Pregnancy-related risks: Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases if you developed gestational diabetes when you were pregnant or if you gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms).
Age: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 45.
Complications During Diabetes:
The higher the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening. Possible complications include:
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- Kidney disease
- Slow healing.
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Skin conditions.
The best diet for people living with diabetes:
A diabetes diet simply means eating the healthiest foods in moderate amounts and sticking to regular mealtimes. A diabetes diet is a healthy-eating plan that’s naturally rich in nutrients and low in fat and calories. Key elements are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. In fact, a diabetes diet is the best eating plan for most everyone.
- Fatty fish
- Leafy greens
- Greek yogurt
- Extra-virgin olive oil
- Apple cider vinegar and vinegar
Foods to avoid during Diabetes:
Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease and stroke by accelerating the development of clogged and hardened arteries. Foods containing the following can work against your goal of a heart-healthy diet.
- Saturated fats
- Trans fats